Mid-Century Long Term Low Carbon Development Strategies Of Energy Sector In Iran
Published on: 2016-09-10 | 09:58:02
The last three decades were the warmest years ever recorded from industrial revolution of 1970s by now. Besides, changing rain and snow patterns, less snowpack and more droughts are apparent consequences of climate change which actually affected the climate in Iran. Emission of greenhouse gases which trap more heat in the earth’s atmosphere is the most probable cause of climate change and adding more greenhouse gases even in Tehran or Beijing or Berlin has the same effect on rising temperature. So, it is a global issue and needs global coalition. It was from 1990 that official global meetings on limiting temperature rise have taken place. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as the first global international treaty on climate change negotiated at the Earth Summit in 19992 and entered into force in 19994. The parties to the UNFCCC have gathered annually for 22 times from 1995 in Conferences of the Parties (COP) to make progress in dealing with the issues related to climate change. Paris Agreement was one of the most valuable results of parties’ meetings as COPs. In fact, it was for the second time that almost all nations agreed to respond to climate change. The most important point is that it took less than a year for the Agreement to enter into force and this is a firm signal that parties of UNFCCC are determined to track the primary goal of Agreement to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels based on common but different responsibilities. The Paris Agreement requires all parties to strengthen their efforts in the context of nationally determined contributions (NDCs). Iran as a party to the Paris Agreement submitted the contributions and proposed 4% cut in emissions by 2030 relative to business as usual (BaU) scenario, and additional conditional 8% cut on international support and an end to sanctions. Iran’s NDC also includes sections on adaptation. As one of the top 10 GHGs emitters in the world, realizing emission cut will be an appreciated step toward for Iran and global community. Energy sector in Iran has a share of 85% in GHGs emission. So, Energy and Environment Group at Sharif Energy Research Institute (SERI) in cooperation with the Academy of Sciences of Iran organized a modeling research on finding the most suitable ways of being committed to the NDC. The results show that by eliminating gas flaring besides improving the net efficiency of power plants and reducing the power transmission and distribution wastes, the emission cut of 12 % by 2030 comparing to BaU scenario will be easy to get to. The extended plans to cut emissions by 40% are presented as “mid-century long term low carbon development strategies of energy sector in Iran”.